Energy retrofits in muncipalities
Heat accounts for the largest share of energy demand in Germany, and most energy is consumed in buildings. A heat transition in the building sector is therefore crucial, but the obstacles are often social, not technical. Municipalities are a good place to start because some of the social issues are easier to address there; communities are where people engage. In addition, municipal governments can serve as role models and also encourage the private sector through networking and special incentives.
This paper was written for the LECo (Local Energy Communities) project funded by the Interreg Northern Periphery and Arctic Programme of the EU. See the project website localenergycommunities.net for further information.