1. Fair competition
More than fifteen years after the liberalisation of the electricity market, we still have a long way to go before we reach effective competition. The four largest power companies RWE, E.ON, Vattenfall and EnBW have a combined share of about two-thirds in German power generation. This gives these companies an extremely strong position in the market.
The promotion of renewable energies encourages competition in the electricity market. It allows municipal utilities, small businesses and individuals to enter the market with their own power plants. This would not be possible without the Renewable Energies Sources Act (EEG). Feed-in tariffs and guaranteed access to the grid are the main components of the EEG.