Renewables in the Transport Sector

In the energy mix, transport plays a special role. In the European Union, transport claims more than 30 percent of final energy demand. At the same time, the sector, dominated by road transport, is one of the biggest sources of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. In a sector comparison with power and heat, the share of renewables in the transport sector is by far the lowest. Solutions are at hand, but have a hard time. Tough restrictions on food crops based biofuels are discussed in the EU, although harvests have been plentiful in recent years and are expected to be so again in 2015. Alleged risks of indirect land use change (ILUC) as well as the food versus fuel debate have left their mark. At the same time, alternatives to current biofuels have yet to gain market relevance. A modal shift towards more rail transport has not set in yet. A transition to renewables in transport is urgently needed.